The arrival of Europeans
In the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, European sailors explored the world. The Dutch, English, Spanish and French visited the Pacific, driven by a thirst for knowledge, but also by imperial ambition and the quest for resources. These explorers often charted lands new to them.
In 1770, a British expedition landed on what is now known as the east coast of Australia. It was commanded by Lieutenant James Cook in the HMB Endeavour. In all, Cook made three epic Pacific voyages between 1768 and his death in Hawaii in 1779.